Geographic data and information are likely to play a role in planning, implementing and tracking many of the 38 components of Agenda 21 (Table 1-1). The Committee considers that this data and information is directly applicable to at least 20 of these action positions (Table 2-5). These geographic data are often grouped into Foundation baseline data, framework thematic data and other thematic data. Basic framework data, such as geographic location and height, are essential for most applications, while thematic baseline data and other thematic data have specific applications. B, such as the determination of land ownership, ownership or use (chapters 4, 5 and 6). CSPOA`s interest in the killing of Agenda 21 was not limited to this convention. In June 2013, the Organization held a similar meeting at its second annual meeting. It was titled “Nullify Now: Expose and Reject NDAA [National Defense Authorization Act, which contains a series of emergency detention measures that are not appreciated by many right and left]/Agenda 21.” Participants in the session included Michael Coffman of Environmental Perspectives Inc. (see below) and Tom DeWeese of the American Policy Center (see above). At the national level, only South Africa has formally adopted a national Agenda 21 strategy (UN, 2002b). Although Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Côte d`Ivoire and Ghana have not formalized national plans (NCSD, 2002), they have implemented national policies and laws dealing with sustainable development issues. For example, environmental impact assessment laws have been passed; Sustainable use of water, forests and biodiversity; and solid waste disposal. In addition, more than 95% of African countries have ratified the Rio Conventions – the Convention on Biological Diversity, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the United Nations Convention on Combating Desertification (UNEP, 2001).
At the local level, LA21`s activities are conducted in 28 African countries (Table 2-4). The influence of NGOs has been even more relevant in Agenda 21 than in the Climate Convention, because of their non-binding nature. Agenda 21 should set up an international agenda for sustainable development in the 21st century. Agenda 21 is a report of more than 500 pages of 40 chapters. Energy issues are explicitly presented in many chapters, although there is not a single overview of energy or a focal point reflecting political differences on this issue. In the section on the evolution of consumption patterns, NGOs gave a language that proposes to improve the efficiency of production in order to reduce energy and material consumption and to minimize the production of waste concepts, which are expressed in the final text of Agenda 21. The agenda 21 text is a particularly positive example of a collaborative approach and mutual tolerance between governments and civil society, mainly represented by NGOs. “As far as developers are concerned,” adds the newsletter, “the plan brings stability to the development process – there is now a guide to locating development, how to develop it, and which best and most compatible applications it can use. The plan aims to provide foresight and eliminate some of the conjecture work of development to ultimately achieve the county`s vision. Rio-5 was held in Rio de Janeiro from March 13 to 19, 1997 as a continuation of UNCUDE 1992.
The aim of the meeting was to review progress in implementing Action 21 and to bring sustainable development from the agenda to action. With all the fuss, it`s not clear. A June 2012 American Planning Association survey, shocked by the attacks on a seemingly reasonable planning approach, found that 85% of respondents did not know enough to judge Agenda 21. Only 6% of respondents opposed the UN plan, while half of those surveyed – 9% of those surveyed – said they were against it.