In the years following the Treaty of Versaille, many ordinary Germans believed they had been betrayed by the “November criminals”, the leaders who signed the treaty and formed the post-war government. In the 1920s and 1930s, far-right political forces – in particular the National Socialist Workers` Party or the Nazis – would win their support by promising to reverse the humiliation of the Treaty of Versaille. With the onset of the Great Depression after 1929, economic unrest was already destabilizing the already vulnerable Weimar government, thus preparing the scene for the fatal rise of Nazi leader Adolf Hitler in 1933. The League of Nations was an international diplomatic group developed after World War I to resolve disputes between countries before they turned into open war. As a forerunner of the United Nations, the League has had a few victories, but has had a mixed record,… Read more The Paris Peace Conference, convened in January 1919 at Versailles, on the outskirts of Paris. The conference was convened to define the conditions for peace after the First World War. Although nearly thirty nations participated, representatives of the United Kingdom, France, the United States and Italy were known as the “Big Four”. The “Big Four” dominated the process that led to the drafting of the Treaty of Versaille, a treaty that ended the First World War.

In January 1919, two months after the end of the fighting of the First World War, a conference was convened at Versailles, the former domain of the French monarchy outside Paris, to draw up the terms of a peace treaty to officially end the conflict. Although representatives of almost… Read more Regarding silesian volksplebiszit, Blanke stated that “the electorate spoke at least 60% Polish, which means that about one in three Poles voted for Germany” and that “most Polish observers and historians” concluded that the referendum result was due to the “unfair German advantages of the incumbent and the socio-economic position”. Mr. Blanke claimed that there had been “constraints of various kinds, including in the face of an allied occupation regime,” and that Germany had given votes to “those who were born in Upper Silesia but no longer resided there.” Blanke concluded that, despite these protests, “There is ample evidence, including the Reichstag election results before and after 1921 and the large-scale emigration from Upper Polish Silesia to Germany after 1945, that their identification with Germany in 1921 was neither exceptional nor temporary” and “was here a large population of Germans and Poles – not by chance of the same Catholic religion – who did not share only the same habitat but also , in many cases, he came to see himself, members of the same national community.” [106] Prince Eustachy Sapieha, poland`s foreign minister, claimed that Soviet Russia “deliberately delayed negotiations” to end the Polish-Soviet war, “with the aim of influencing the Upper Silesia referendum.” [172] After the partition of the region, both “Germany and Poland tried to “cleanse” their shares in Upper Silesia through repression, which led the Germans to emigrate to Germany and Poland. Despite oppression and migration, Opole Silesia remained “ethnically mixed”. [104] After the end of World War II in Europe (1939-1945) and the decisions of previous conferences in Tehran, Casablanca and Yalta, the Allies had taken the highest authority over Germany in the Berlin Declaration of 5 June 1945. At the conference of the three powers in Berlin (formal title of the Potsdam Conference) from 17 July to 2 August 1945, they approved and adopted the amstbiss of 1 August 1945.